Learning and behavior james e mazur pdf

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learning and behavior james e mazur pdf

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Book Summary: This book reviews how people and animals learn and how their behaviors are changed as a result of learning. It describes the most important principles, theories, controversies, and experiments that pertain to learning and behavior that are applicable to diverse species and different learning situations. Both classic studies and recent trends and developments are explored, providing a comprehensive survey of the field. Although the behavioral approach is emphasized, many cognitive theories are covered as well, along with a chapter on comparative cognition.

Choice, delay, probability, and conditioned reinforcement

Pigeons pecked on two response keys that delivered reinforcers on a variable-interval schedule. In Experiment 1, response proportions approached a new asymptote slightly more slowly when the switch in reinforcement proportions was more extreme. In Experiment 2, slightly faster transitions were found with higher overall rates of reinforcement. The results from the first session, after a switch in the reinforcement proportions, were generally consistent with a mathematical model that assumes that the strength of each response is increased by reinforcement and decreased by nonreinforcement.

Computer simulations could mimic the spontaneous recovery by assuming that subjects store separate representations of response strength for each session, which are averaged at the start of each new session.

Download to read the full article text. Bailey, J. Choice behavior in transition: Development of preference for the higher probability of reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 53 , — Baum, W. On two types of deviation from the matching law: Bias and undermatching. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 22 , — Beale, I. The effects of amount of training per reversal on successive reversals of a color discrimination.

Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 14 , — Bush, R. Stochastic models for learning. New York: Wiley. Google Scholar. Catania, A. Concurrent performances: Inhibition of one response by reinforcement of another. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 12 , — A quantitative analysis of the responding maintained by interval schedules of reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 11 , — Couvillon, P.

Analysis of choice in honeybees. Compound-component and conditional discrimination of colors and odors by honeybees: Further tests of a continuity model. How honeybees make choices. Fisher Eds. Wallingford: CAB International. Davis, D. The process of recurrent choice. Psychological Review , , — Davison, M. Concurrent schedules: Undermatching and control by previous experimental conditions. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 32 , — Toward a law of response strength.

Psychological Bulletin , 83 , — Dreyfus, L. Local shifts in relative reinforcement rate and time allocation on concurrent schedules. Estes, W. Statistical theory of spontaneous recovery and regression. Psychological Review , 62 , — Herrnstein, R. Relative and absolute strength of response as a function of the frequency of reinforcement. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 4 , — On the law of effect.

Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 13 , — Hinson, J. Hill-climbing by pigeons. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 39 , 25— Kacelnik, A. Foraging in a changing environment: An experiment with Starlings Sturnus vulgaris. Commons, A. Shettleworth Eds. Foraging pp. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Killeen, P. A yoked-chamber comparison of concurrent and multiple schedules. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 18 , 13— Incentive theory. Bernstein Ed. Response structure and organization pp. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. Mazur, J. Choice behavior in transition: Development of preference with ratio and interval schedules. Choice behavior in transition: Development of preference in a free-operant procedure. Myers, D. Undermatching: A reappraisal of performance on concurrent variable-interval schedules of reinforcement.

Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 27 , — Myerson, J. Choice in transition: A comparison of melioration and the kinetic model. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 49 , — The kinetics of choice: An operant systems analysis. Psychological Review , 87 , — Pavlov, I.

Conditioned ref lexes G. Anrep, Trans. London: Oxford University Press. Robbins, S. Mechanisms underlying spontaneous recovery in autoshaping.

Silberberg, A. The structure of choice. Skinner, B. Are theories of learning necessary? Psychological Review , 57 , — Staddon, J. Quasi-dynamic choice models: Melioration and ratio invariance. Stochastic choice models: A comparison between Bush-Mosteller and a source-independent reward-following model.

Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 52 , 57— Download references. Reprints and Permissions. Development of preference and spontaneous recovery in choice behavior with concurrent variable-interval schedules. Download citation. Received : 08 September Accepted : 28 April Issue Date : March Search SpringerLink Search. Download PDF.

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The lowest-priced brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item in its original packaging where packaging is applicable. Packaging should be the same as what is found in a retail store, unless the item is handmade or was packaged by the manufacturer in non-retail packaging, such as an unprinted box or plastic bag. See details for additional description. Skip to main content. Mazur , Hardcover, Revised edition,New Edition. About this product.

The hyperbolic-decay model is a mathematical expression of the relation between delay and reinforcer value. The model has been used to predict choices in discrete-trial experiments on delay-amount tradeoffs, on preference for variable over fixed delays, and on probabilistic reinforcement. Experiments manipulating the presence or absence of conditioned reinforcers on trials that end without primary reinforcement have provided evidence that the hyperbolic-decay model actually predicts the strength of conditioned reinforcers rather than the strength of delayed primary reinforcers. The model states that the strength of a conditioned reinforcer is inversely related to the time spent in its presence before a primary reinforcer is delivered. Also discussed are unresolved difficulties in determining exactly when a stimulus will or will not serve as a conditioned reinforcer. Download to read the full article text.

The lowest-priced brand-new, unused, unopened, undamaged item in its original packaging where packaging is applicable. Packaging should be the same as what is found in a retail store, unless the item is handmade or was packaged by the manufacturer in non-retail packaging, such as an unprinted box or plastic bag. See details for additional description. Skip to main content. Mazur , Hardcover, Revised edition,New Edition. About this product.

[EBOOK] Learning & Behavior: Eighth Edition Full Books

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Sign in Create an account. Syntax Advanced Search. Learning and Behavior: Seventh Edition.

Learning and Behavior (8th Edition) – eBook

It describes the most important principles, controversies, theories, and experiments that pertain to learning and behavior that are applicable to diverse species and different learning situations.

Learning and Behavior (eBook, PDF)

Register a free. It describes the most important principles, theories, controversies, and experiments. Learning objectives, bold-faced key. Mazur Author. James E.

Phone or email. Don't remember me. Kottler, Richard S. Packed with Montessori-based preschool activities and educational games that build confidence and independence through active learning, this authoritative illustrated guide helps raise self-reliant and creative children.

Pigeons pecked on two response keys that delivered reinforcers on a variable-interval schedule. In Experiment 1, response proportions approached a new asymptote slightly more slowly when the switch in reinforcement proportions was more extreme. In Experiment 2, slightly faster transitions were found with higher overall rates of reinforcement. The results from the first session, after a switch in the reinforcement proportions, were generally consistent with a mathematical model that assumes that the strength of each response is increased by reinforcement and decreased by nonreinforcement. Computer simulations could mimic the spontaneous recovery by assuming that subjects store separate representations of response strength for each session, which are averaged at the start of each new session. Download to read the full article text.


Learning and Behavior, James E. Mazur, A thorough survey of the field of learning. Learning & Behavior covers topics such as classical and operant.


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