Key welfare and development schemes of government of andhra pradesh pdf
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- Welfare schemes of Andhra Pradesh
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Well, then check our site often. Physical geography of the Indian sub-continent and Andhra Pradesh.
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Along with the Central government, State governments have announced several policy decisions to prevent and contain the spread of the virus in their respective states.
In this blog post, we summarise some of the key measures taken by the Andhra Pradesh Government in this regard as of April 14, Movement Restrictions. To contain the spread of COVID in the state, the Government of Andhra Pradesh took the following measures for restricting the movement of people in the state.
Essential Goods and Services. The state government exempted certain essential commodities and services such as fruits, vegetables, milk, groceries, public distribution system through Fair Price Shops, and medicines from the lockdown. It also formed the District Level Committees headed by Joint Collector for fixing and monitoring the prices of essential food items.
On April 3, the government declared that all government and private health care and medical facilities will be considered as essential services for a period of six months. Welfare Measures. The state government has announced the following welfare measures for the people who are in distress due to the lockdown.
Health Measures. As per these regulations, both government and private hospitals must have dedicated COVID isolation facilities. Setting up of quarantine centres at district and constituency level. On March 25, the Department of Health issued orders for setting up a bed quarantine centre in every constituency and bed quarantine centre at the district level.
These include: i four hospitals at the state level and ii 13 hospitals at district level one hospital per district. Ban on spitting in public places. Administrative Measures.
The BBMP Act, seeks to improve decentralisation, ensure public participation, and address certain administrative and structural concerns in Bengaluru.
The Constitution 74th Amendment Act, provided for the establishment of urban local bodies ULBs including municipal corporations as institutions of local self-government. It also empowered state governments to devolve certain functions, authority, and power to collect revenue to these bodies, and made periodic elections for them compulsory.
Urban governance is part of the state list under the Constitution. Thus, the administrative framework and regulation of ULBs varies across states. However, experts have highlighted that ULBs across India face similar challenges. For instance, ULBs across the country lack autonomy in city management and several city-level functions are managed by parastatals managed by and accountable to the state.
Several taxation powers have also not been devolved to these bodies, leading to stressed municipal finances. These challenges have led to poor service delivery in cities and also created administrative and governance challenges at the municipal level. It adds a new level of zonal committees to the existing three-tier municipal structure in the city, and also gives the Corporation some more taxation powers.
Certain common issues in urban local governance in India, with provisions related to them in the BBMP Act, are given below. Functional overlap with parastatals for key functions. The Constitution 74 th Amendment Act, empowered states to devolve the responsibility of 18 functions including urban planning, regulation of land use, water supply, and slum upgradation to ULBs. However, in most Indian cities including Bengaluru, a majority of these functions are carried out by parastatals.
For example, in Bengaluru, the Bengaluru Development Authority is responsible for land regulation and the Karnataka Slum Clearance Board is responsible for slum rehabilitation. The BBMP Act, provides the Corporation with the power and responsibility to prepare and implement schemes for the 18 functions provided for in the Constitution 74 th Amendment Act, However, it does not provide clarity if new bodies at the municipal level will be created, or the existing parastatals will continue to perform these functions and if so, whether their accountability will shift from the state to the municipal corporation.
This could create a two-fold challenge in administration. First, if there are multiple agencies performing similar functions, it could lead to a functional overlap, ambiguity, and wastage of resources. An Expert Committee on Urban Infrastructure had recommended that activity mapping should be done for the 18 functions.
Under this, functions in the exclusive domain of municipalities and those which need to be shared with the state and the central government must be specified. Experts have also recommended that the municipality should be responsible for providing civic amenities in its jurisdiction and if a parastatal exercises a civic function, it should be accountable to the municipality.
Stressed municipal finances. Indian ULBs are amongst the weakest in the world in terms of fiscal autonomy and have limited effective devolution of revenue. They also have limited capacity to raise resources through their own sources of revenue such as property tax. Municipal revenue in India accounts for only one percent of the GDP This leads to a dependence on transfers by the state and central government.
This has been attributed to limited powers to raise revenue and levy taxes, and problems in the management of existing resources. In comparison, Karnataka ranks high among Indian states in key indicators for fiscal capacity like collection of property taxes, grants from Central Finance Commissions, and state government transfers.
The BBMP Act, further increases the taxation powers of the Corporation, by allowing it to impose taxes on professions and entertainment. Experts have recommended that the central government and the respective state government should provide additional funds and facilitate additional funding mechanisms for ULBs to strengthen their finances. The revenue of ULBs can be augmented through measures including assignment of greater powers of taxation to the ULBs by the state government, reforms in land and property-based taxes such as the use of technology to cover more properties , and issuing of municipal bonds debt instruments issued by ULBs to finance development projects.
Powers of elected municipal officials. The executive power with state-appointed municipal Commissioners and elected municipal officers differs across states. States like Tamil Nadu and Gujarat , and cities like Chennai and Hyderabad vest the executive power in the Commissioner.
In contrast, the executive power of the Corporation is exercised by a Mayor-in council consisting of the Mayor and up to 10 elected members of the Corporation in Kolkata and Madhya Pradesh. This is unlike large metropolitan cities in other countries like New York and London , where elected Mayors are designated as executive heads. Experts have noted that charging Commissioners with executive power diluted the role of the Mayor and violated the spirit of self-governance.
The Mayor is responsible for approving contracts and preparing the budget estimate for the Corporation. He is also required to discharge all functions assigned to him by the Corporation. On the other hand, executive functions of the Chief Commissioner include: i selling or leasing properties owned by the Corporation, and ii regulating and issuing instructions regarding public streets.
A Model Municipal law, released by the Urban Development Ministry in , provided that the executive power should be exercised by an Empowered Standing Committee consisting of the Mayor, Deputy Mayor, and seven elected councillors.
Management of staff and human resources. Experts have noted that municipal administration in India suffers from staffing issues which leads to a failure in delivering basic urban services.
These include overstaffing of untrained manpower, shortage of qualified technical staff and managerial supervisors, and unwillingness to innovate in methods for service delivery. The BBMP Act, provides that the Corporation may make bye-laws for the due performance of duties by its employees. However, it does not mention other aspects of human resource management such as recruitment and promotion. A CAG report looking at the implementation of the Constitution 74th Amendment Act, in Karnataka has observed that the power to assess municipal staff requirements, recruiting such staff, and determining their pay, transfer and promotion vests with the state government.
This is in contrast with the recommendations of several experts who have suggested that municipalities should appoint their personnel to ensure accountability, adequate recruitment, and proper management of staff. Other states including Kerala , Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu also allow the state governments to regulate recruitment and staffing for ULBs.
In cities like Mumbai , and Coimbatore , and some states like Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh , while the recruitment process is conducted by the respective municipal corporations, the final sanction for hiring staff lies with the state government.
The comparison table has also been revised accordingly. These Ordinances seek to regulate religious conversions and prohibit certain types of religious conversions including through marriages. This blog post looks at existing anti-conversion laws in the country and compares the latest UP and MP Ordinances with these laws. Anti-conversion laws in India.
The Constitution guarantees the freedom to profess, propagate, and practise religion, and allows all religious sections to manage their own affairs in matters of religion; subject to public order, morality, and health. To date, there has been no central legislation restricting or regulating religious conversions. However, it is to be noted that, since , on multiple occasions, Private Member Bills have been introduced in but never approved by the Parliament, to regulate religious conversions.
Additionally, the Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand legislations also declare a marriage to be void if it was done for the sole purpose of unlawful conversion, or vice-versa. Please see Table 2 for a comparison of anti-conversion laws across the country. This led the state government to promulgate the recent Ordinance in Following UP, the MP government also decided to promulgate an Ordinance in January to regulate religious conversions.
We discuss key features of these ordinances below. However, both Ordinances exclude re-conversion to immediate previous religion in UP , and parental religion in MP from this definition. These Ordinances prescribe the procedure for individuals seeking to undergo conversions in the states of UP and MP and declare all other forms of conversion that violate the prescribed procedures illegal.
Procedure for conversion : Both the Ordinances require: i persons wishing to convert to a different religion, and ii persons supervising the conversion religious convertors in UP, and religious priests or persons organising a conversion in MP to submit an advance declaration of the proposed religious conversion to the District Magistrate DM.
In both states, the individuals seeking to undergo conversion are required to give advance notice of 60 days to the DM. However, in UP, the religious convertors are required to notify one month in advance, whereas in MP, the priests or organisers are also required to notify 60 days in advance. Upon receiving the declarations, the DMs in UP are further required to conduct a police enquiry into the intention, purpose, and cause of the proposed conversion.
The UP Ordinance also lays down a post-conversion procedure. Post-conversion, within 60 days from the date of conversion, the converted individual is required to submit a declaration with various personal details to the DM. The DM will publicly exhibit a copy of the declaration till the conversion is confirmed and record any objections to the conversion.
Both the Ordinances also prescribe varying punishments for violation of any procedure prescribed by them, as specified in Table 2. Prohibition on conversions : Both, the UP and MP Ordinances prohibit conversion of religion through means, such as: i force, misrepresentation, undue influence, and allurement, or ii fraud, or iii marriage.
They also prohibit a person from abetting, convincing, and conspiring to such conversions. Further, the Ordinances assign the burden of proof of the lawfulness of religious conversion to: i the persons causing or facilitating such conversions, in UP, and ii the person accused of causing unlawful conversion, in MP. The MP Ordinance additionally permits persons related by guardianship or custodianship to also register a complaint, provided they take the leave of the court.
Further, the MP Ordinance assigns the power to investigate such complaints to police officers of the rank of Sub-Inspector and above. Similarly, the MP Ordinance declares a marriage null and void, if: i it was done with an intent to convert a person, and ii the conversion took place through any of the prohibited means specified under the Ordinance. Further, the MP Ordinance explicitly provides for punishment as specified in Table 2 for the concealment of religion for the purpose of marriage.
It considers children born out of a marriage involving unlawful religious conversion as legitimate and provides for them to have the right to property of only the father as per the law governing the inheritance of the father. Further, the Ordinance provides for maintenance to be given to: i a woman whose marriage is deemed unlawful under the Ordinance, and ii her children born out of such a marriage.
Welfare schemes of Andhra Pradesh
The Finance Minister, Mr. Budget Highlights. Policy Highlights. Note: These numbers are as per constant prices which implies that the growth rate is adjusted for inflation. Budget Estimates for
With information readily available on Government schemes, I am sure that my colleagues will Relevant Central and State Sector schemes for SAGY in the State of Andhra Pradesh Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of of one time cash assistance of ₹ 40, to the manual scavengers.
Download AP Welfare Schemes in Telugu for APPSC Group 3
Register Login. Register for Webinar. Welfare schemes of Andhra Pradesh. Jagananna Amma Vodi Provides information about the scheme to promote education.
Along with the Central government, State governments have announced several policy decisions to prevent and contain the spread of the virus in their respective states. In this blog post, we summarise some of the key measures taken by the Andhra Pradesh Government in this regard as of April 14, Movement Restrictions.
AP Grama Sachivalayam Study Material
The welfare schemes launched by Government of Andhra Pradesh. The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total. This list may not reflect recent changes learn more. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pages in category "Government welfare schemes in Andhra Pradesh" The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total.
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