Modern history of india and indian culture pdf
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The history of independent India began when the country became an independent nation within the British Commonwealth on 15 August Direct administration by the British, which began in , affected a political and economic unification of the subcontinent.
India's history and culture is dynamic, spanning back to the beginning of human civilization. It begins with a mysterious culture along the Indus River and in farming communities in the southern lands of India. The history of India is punctuated by constant integration of migrating people with the diverse cultures that surround India. Available evidence suggests that the use of iron, copper and other metals was widely prevalent in the Indian sub-continent at a fairly early period, which is indicative of the progress that this part of the world had made. By the end of the fourth millennium BC, India had emerged as a region of highly developed civilization.
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History of India (1947–present)
According to consensus in modern genetics anatomically modern humans first arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa between 73, and 55, years ago. Settled life, which involves the transition from foraging to farming and pastoralism, began in South Asia around 7, BCE. At the site of Mehrgarh , Balochistan , Pakistan , presence can be documented of the domestication of wheat and barley, rapidly followed by that of goats, sheep, and cattle. This civilisation flourished between 2, BCE and BCE in what today is Pakistan and north-western India, and was noted for its urban planning, baked brick houses, elaborate drainage, and water supply. In early second millennium BCE persistent drought caused the population of the Indus Valley to scatter from large urban centres to villages.
This post is a compilation of our most viewed notes on Indian History, which we think our readers should not miss. Check Indian History notes category, if you want to read the complete archives. For Mains topics like Ancient India and Medieval India are not explicitly mentioned in the syllabus, but culture is included which covers many aspects of ancient and medieval periods. Take a Free Test. History and Culture are very related topics, particularly with respect to ancient and medieval India. Asoka and Buddhism are deeply bonded, the same way we cannot study Shah Jahan without commenting on Taj Mahal.
Indian History. • Culturally, India showed signs of exhaustion during the 18th century. But at the same time, culture remained wholly traditionalist as well as.
History of India
Located in the continent of Asia, India covers 2,, square kilometers of land and , square kilometers of water, making it the 7th largest nation in the world with a total area of 3,, square kilometers. India is a land of ancient civilizations. India's social, economic, and cultural configurations are the products of a long process of regional expansion. Indian history begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization and the coming of the Aryans. These two phases are usually described as the pre-Vedic and Vedic age.
In this Study Material we cater the requirements of not only the school going students but also for those who are pursuing their degree courses and even for those who are preparing for competitive examination. Modern History: British Paramountcy and Acts. Modern History: 18th Century Revolts and Reform. Modern History: Indian National Movement.
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Indian society is collectivistic and promotes social cohesion and interdependence. The traditional Indian joint family, which follows the same principles of collectivism, has proved itself to be an excellent resource for the care of the mentally ill. However, the society is changing with one of the most significant alterations being the disintegration of the joint family and the rise of nuclear and extended family system. Although even in today's changed scenario, the family forms a resource for mental health that the country cannot neglect, yet utilization of family in management of mental disorders is minimal. Family focused psychotherapeutic interventions might be the right tool for greater involvement of families in management of their mentally ill and it may pave the path for a deeper community focused treatment in mental disorders. This paper elaborates the features of Indian family systems in the light of the Asian collectivistic culture that are pertinent in psychotherapy.
In India today,with a growing economy due to liberalization and more consumption than ever in middle class life, food as something to be enjoyed and as part of Indian culture is a popular topic. From a s food economy verging on famine, India is now a society where food appears plentiful, and the aesthetic possibilities are staggering. Cooking shows that demonstrate culinary skills on television, often with celebrity chefs or unknown local housewives who may have won a competition, dominate daytime ratings. Local indigenous specialties and ways of cooking are the subjects of domestic and international tourism brochures. Metropolitan restaurants featuring international cuisines are filled with customers.
Indian culture is the heritage of social norms , ethical values , traditional customs, belief systems , political systems , artifacts and technologies that originated in or are associated with the Indian subcontinent. The term also applies beyond India to countries and cultures whose histories are strongly connected to India by immigration, colonization, or influence, particularly in South Asia and Southeast Asia.