Ielts writing tips and tricks academic pdf

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ielts writing tips and tricks academic pdf

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[Ebook] IELTS Advantage Writing Skills – Pdf

Hello everyone! Here's what to do:. Firstly, analyse the question and visual data, and then plan your answer. Secondly, write an introduction paraphrasing the title of the visual data. Thirdly, write an overview paragraph. Next, add two details paragraphs before finally checking your answer. This is the exact same method I have personally taught time and again to international students around the world and so I know it works!

Candidates need to summarise visual data into a minimum of words. The visual data may appear as any of the following: line graphs, bar charts, pie charts, tables, maps, or flow diagrams.

Sometimes you may have more than one of these to summarise. I recommend that you spend 20 minutes on task 1 which leaves you with 40 mins to complete the essay task afterwards. There are 7 different question types that you may face on test day. So, although in this task you will always have to use your summary skills, the visual data can come in different forms.

Let's see what they could be now. The diagram below shows the process by which bricks are manufactured for the building industry.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. The illustration demonstrates the method by which bricks are produced for the construction industry.

Overall, the process begins with clay being extracted from the ground and finishes with the bricks being delivered to industry. It is a 7 step, linear, man-made process. First of all, clay is dug out of the ground by an excavator and placed on a metal grid which aids in breaking down lumps of clay into smaller parts.

Sand and clay are then added to the smaller lumps of clay and a mixture is created. These newly formed bricks are then stored in a drying oven for between 24 and 48 hours. Once the bricks are dried they are transferred to a kiln where they are kept at a temperature of C — C. After this, the bricks are allowed to cool for between hours before they are delivered by lorry to be used in the construction industry. The fluency and coherence of this summary is particularly good.

The writer has used a variety of linking words and phrases accurately. Furthermore, the 4 paragraph structure used is clear and provides an effective framework for the content of the summary. The table provides information regarding consumer expenditure on a variety of products in five different countries.

Overall, it is clear that in each country the most amount of money spent was on the food, drinks and tobacco category. The lowest percentages recorded were for the leisure and education category in each country. Consumer spending on food was significantly higher in Turkey, at For a band 9 band score in grammar the IELTS band marking criteria state that candidates need to use a wide range of structures with full flexibility and accuracy band marking criteria.

Outgoings on spending and leisure was also highest in Turkey, at 4. Notice that the sentence has 2 main clauses joined together by the linking word 'whereas' and that punctuation i. Finally, note that the length of the summary is just words and it should be at least words. In this case, the band score is likely to be unaffected as the summary is written successfully and all main points are covered. The word limit exists to ensure that you are providing a large enough sample of writing for examiners to judge you on, it is normally difficult to successfully complete a thorough summary or essay in less than the given word limit.

The maps below show the changes that have taken place at the seaside town of Brinslow between and The illustration reveals the extent of changes in the coastal town of Brinslow over the period of time from to To summarise, Brinslow has seen extensive changes in terms of type and layout of housing and in general transportation and infrastructure.

When comparing with , it can be seen that the road and rail networks have been developed with the addition of a new railway line built along the south coast. A ferry port has also been built just south of the railway station in addition to an airport located north west of the school. However, the original school, hospital, and car park have remained and a few extra houses have been constructed nearby on an area previously covered with trees.

A factory has also been built on a previously wooded area. In the north west area, the large mansion and its grounds have been demolished and an apartment bock has been erected. Multiple small houses have also been built along the main road to the railway station. The south west area has been completely transformed with two large apartment blocks, a supermarket and an extra access road being built on what was previously an area offering limited housing. The candidate achieves this by using a range of word related specifically to the building industry, this means that instead of words like 'change, made, or it's different' , the writer uses expressions such as: remained, built, demolished, erected, constructed, and transformed.

These words alongside other natural phrases such as ' type and layout of housing, wooded area, infrastructure and access road' indicate to the examiner that they are fulfilling the band 9 criteria. So, you can see that is the choice of words that related specifically to the situation that make the words higher level. Always try to be specific in your answers and try to come up with the words and phrases directly related to that topic. The pie chart below shows the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive.

The table shows how these causes affected three regions of the world during the s. Combined, the pie chart and table reveal the reasons for land degradation collectively around the world and by region. Overall, the percentage of degraded territory by all causes in Europe was significantly higher than North America and Oceania. Furthermore, both over-grazing and deforestation were relatively similar and continued being the main causes for agricultural land becoming less productive, a great deal of the land was degraded by over-grazing.

Europe registered the highest percentages across all categories apart from the overgrazing category which Oceania recorded the highest percentage at The candidate achieves this to a certain extent, however, the second details paragraph could have developed comparison between the countries more and therefore, whilst, overall the response probably scores a band 9, in the Task Achievement band it would probably only reach a band 8.

The line graph below shows changes in the amount and type of fast food consumed by Australian teenagers from to Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

The line graph represents the amount of fast food consumed by adolescents in Australia over recent decades. Overall, it is clear that the amount of fish and chips has significantly reduced by about half, whereas, intake of both pizza and hamburgers has grown a great deal.

Firstly, the amount of fish and chips eaten by Australian teenagers declined dramatically from 95 times per year in around the year down to 38 times per year in approximately the year Prior to this, consumption had fluctuated but never dropped below the 80 times per year mark.

Pizza consumption began at around 5 times per year in the mids before growing at a fast pace to approximately 85 times per year in the mids. Hamburgers experienced a similar rapid increase in popularity beginning at just 10 times per year in the mids and recording a value of around 85 times per year in the mids before its consumption rate slowed significantly prior to leveling off at around times per year from the mids onwards.

The candidate produces a fully developed response in a clear structured manner. The only real errors are the use of the word 'adolescent' as a synonym for 'teenagers'. This is not quite right as 'adolescents' can be any age from , according to the World Health Organisation. The word 'consumption' is used a number of times but this is acceptable. It is better to use the same word rather than use other words that do not quite fit accurately. The two pie charts provided reveal the percentage of sales made online by the four main retail sectors in Canada in both and During this time period the food and beverage industry experienced the highest level of online growth and video games market share also modestly increased.

However, sales of home furnishings online suffered greatly and produced the largest drop in market share with sales of electronic appliances also experiencing a loss in their online market share.

This response flows particularly well. There is a range of linking words present and a 4 part structure to the response. There is also a good mix of simple, compound and complex sentences demonstrating good control of grammar and the candidate has made good use of adverbs to describe the trends accurately, e. These all add to the the accuracy of the summary.

The chart below shows the number of men and women in further education in Britain in three periods and whether they were studying full-time or part-time. The bar chart reveals the number of males and females pursuing further education in either a part-time or full-time capacity over three different years a decade apart.

Overall, it is clear that the number of women undertaking education in either a full time or part time capacity has significantly increased, whereas, the numbers for men only increase for part-time study.

The only real errors are that the response could have included more details, for example, comparisons could easily have been made between the increases in male and female participation. If you prefer you can also download the above sample questions and answers here in pdf format if this is preferable for you:. You can either watch the video or read the flow chart summary underneath. This sentence will basically be a paraphrase of the question statement, which is the first sentence in the question box.

It will tell the reader what the visual data is showing us in their own words. Write an over view. This will be your second paragraph where you will use the key features you have already identified to create a sentence or two that tells the reader what the main patterns or trends the data is showing us are.

Write details paragraph 1. Here you can describe in detail by using the information you are given numbers and figures how the data changes over time, or what differences there are between different groups of data. Watch the video here about summarising tables to see how to write your details paragraphs. Here, if possible, you should make detailed comparisons between different groups of data.

If this is not possible you should continue to describe various individual trends or patterns in detail, again by making use of the numbers and figures presented. Check your summary. An essential part of writing is to check for errors. The more you practice this process the more confident you will become. Following the same process each time helps to eliminate nerves on exam day, it prevents you from making silly mistakes and means you will produce a well structured essay every time.

Discover how to give the examiners exactly what they want by understanding the band descriptors for IELTS academic writing. All explained in the video below:.

IELTS Academic Writing free practice questions

Download our free Writing practice tests and familiarise yourself with the questions you might get on test day. It's the perfect way to make sure you are in the best position to succeed in your IELTS Writing test and get the score you need. Responses to both tasks must be written in a formal style. You will be asked to write an essay in response to a point of view, argument or problem. You will support your point of view with relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience. You may be shown one or more than one diagram.

IELTS Writing Task 2: Tips, Lessons & Models

In the IELTS academic or general writing task 2 you will need to write an essay of at least words on a topic which requires you to present an argument in a format that the instructions lay down. This Task takes about 40 minutes. The topics are mostly abstract with no right answer. The point to note here is that this task is worth twice as much as Task So, spending time developing a relevant vocabulary for presenting your views will be a wise investment.

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SKILLS A step-by-step guide to a high IELTS writing score

Hi, I'm Liz. These free tips, model essays, lessons, videos and information will help develop the skills for writing task 2. Learn about the recommended essay length, how to plan your essay, when to give your opinion and how to write an introduction etc.

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You will be presented with factual information and asked to select and report the main features of the data in under 20 minutes. Click here for help with General Training Task 1. Your overview paragraph is the most important part of your whole Task 1 essay. As such, this article will show you how to pick out the main features and how to include them in your overview. You should paraphrase the question in every essay and I recommend doing this in the very first sentence to help boost your vocabulary score. Complex sentences help you boost your score for grammar.

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