Positive and negative effects of globalization on culture pdf

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positive and negative effects of globalization on culture pdf

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The essay first traces the origin of globalization before offering some positive and practical strategy toward its challenge. To the author, globalization in culture is stubbornly resisted by the other strong force: localization and various types of ethnicism or nationalism. In the face of the current strong impact of economic globalization, consumer culture has become one of the hot topics confronting scholars of both literary and cultural studies.

Globalization — what is it? What is the definition of globalization? Benefits and negative effects? What are the top examples of globalization? What famous quotes have been said about globalization?

Impact of Globalization And Its Effect on Society

Globalization has today become a major sort of debate among academicians, policy makers and NGOs. Its impact is profound. Poverties, inequalities, injustices, starvations, backwards and marginalizations are all serious problems many societies are still experiencing.

The purpose of this paper is to examine the positive and negative aspects of globalization and realize how one could successfully deal with the challenge it poses.

The study shows that though globalization is a process by which capital, goods, services and labor cross national borders, and acquire a transnational character, it is often accompanied by the flow of related lifestyles, tastes, ideas, and even values across boundaries which help reshape local political institutions, cultural patterns and social relations.

It also creates new opportunities for many peoples to increase their wealth and enhance their prosperities. On the other hand, the potential for people of different cultural and religious backgrounds to know and understand one another owing to this process is greater than ever before. Therefore, it is important that one not reject it totally.

Instead, as a short and medium-term strategy one should try to inject ethical and moral considerations into some of the dominant economic institutions, activities and goals associated with the process. Many peoples in this world have hoped that they would enter the 21st century with more equality and less poverty. They thought, with the rapid growth of world economy and the vast development of productive technology associated with the process of globalization terrible features of our globe would be eradicated or remarkably reduced.

Many international conferences have been held, a large number of approaches have been adopted, and scores of studies has been produced, but not much has been achieved.

The problem in fact lies in the sharp differences and inequalities between haves and have-nots. This process in its current features and aspects presents not only a moral crisis, but also the potential for economic disaster and civil unrest in many areas in the world. The purpose of this paper is to examine the process of globalization and to explore its effects on the various aspects of human life. Globalization is an ambiguous term. It means different things to different people.

It may mean different things to the same person. So what does globalization mean? Is it a new stage in human civilization that goes beyond national borders or native cultures?

Could it lead to a universal entity within which criteria of race, color, religion, class, language … etc, would disappear? Or is it just another transformation in world economy?

It is now no more an economic phenomenon or a merely mental state as perceived during the Cold War, but it transforms into a movement being enhance through concentrating on a global common principles such as democracy and human rights, b growing interdependence between states, and c unprecedented revolution in information technology Pilger, The quantitative and qualitative effects of this process are seen in many aspects of human life.

Within these perspectives, globalization becomes a process of reshaping human life through globalizing certain values which include economic patterns related to free trade, production, consumption and distribution; cultural patterns related to entity, language, and lifestyle; and political patterns related to democratic process and human rights. There are many instruments by which globalization is being promoted and enhanced.

But the most important instruments influencing this process are the multinational corporations and the new revolution of information technology. Multinational corporations are main instruments of globalization. They possess huge capitals and assets. As profit maximizers, they establish their factors in many developing countries where cheap workers and raw materials are found.

Because of their size and their contributions to national economies in terms of taxes and employments, they influence decision-making processes in those countries. Once they established, none has the ability to stop them from withdrawing their investments or moving their capitals from country to another whenever it is in their advantage to do so.

In spite of their contributions, the given privileges are not without price. Their activities usually leave serious effects on many host economies; they even sometime create civil unrests. This is because these companies control not only markets, but also peoples Wooldridge and Micklethwait, New Information Technology, which is a product of the industrial revolution, is another instrument of globalization. Its aspects, in particular the Internet and multimedia, remarkably contribute to the spread of globalization due to their rapidity, easiness and availability.

In spite of its huge benefits, the revolution is still possessed and controlled by some advanced nations, which might use it as a means of cultural influence and informational hegemony. With the end of the Cold War, liberalist nations have become more interested in promoting the free trade principle, where market mechanisms must be dominant, and governments must not interfere in economic activities.

The economic and military strengths of these nations assist them to pursue this objective through convincing many other countries to conduct structural changes in their economic, political, cultural and social spheres. As a result, this process has brought profound impacts on the various aspects of human life in many societies, particularly of those involved.

Not only it changes many types of lifestyles, but also involves the bridging of temporal, spatial, and cultural distances in new ways, and that these processes tend to be driven by the revolutions in transport technologies, communications, the internationalization of capital notions of the world system, and post industrialism.

In spite of all these changes associated with globalization, a large number of peoples and scholars do not trust this process. Some, who may be described as conservatives, are skeptical about the role of globalization in human life, and view it as a phenomenon which may bring destructive effects on all human beings.

Radicalists, on the other hand, argue that the process is not without great benefits to all peoples; its effects may reach all spots of the earth. Still others view this process as any other historical human experience which may have its positive and negative affects. Yaapar, 2. Regardless of these stands, it is wrong to view the process from an economic perspective only because it is increasingly involving political, cultural and technological fields and is remarkably being reinforced by the huge development of communications and information technologies.

The previous introduction shows that globalization has both positive and negative effects on the various aspects of human life. In the education field, some of the new communication and information technologies, which are of course linked to the globalization process, have enabled students, researchers and young people in distant and to access ideas and information from the best libraries in the world.

They are able to peruse through libraries in different countries without having to travel. Globalization from this point of view assists people in the dissemination of values related to knowledge, and in the promotion of values related to health care etc.

Globalization has made communication much easier and cheaper than before. The number of subscribers and users of the Internet are now increasing remarkably. The potential for people of different communities, countries, cultures and religions to know and understand one another is greater than ever before. Knowing and understanding each others are very important to promote and establish common values among people of different communities. Globalization also makes it possible for people to demonstrate their sympathy and compassion for the victims of natural calamities and man-made tragedies all over the world regardless of religions, lands, languages, colors, cultures etc.

Muzaffar, 4. Globalization has also brought to the fore issues such as the rights of women and children. All these aspects promote globally certain common values such as equality, human rights, justice, democracy and moral values.

Globalization represents a challenge to cultural and local languages. This could lead unenthusiastically to marginalizing many local cultures. Scientific and economic superiority of the US and the flow of information technology assist in imposing certain languages in particular English as a second language in some developing and developed countries, and as a first language in some others.

There is no doubt that language has significant impact on cultures and, therefore, the dominance of English could contribute to the emergence of a global and intercontinental culture which may wipe out traditions, customs, and values of many societies and marginalizes their cultures. Globalization has significant impact on local entities. Its complexity takes decisive dimensions in particular with regard to its effects on labor immigration from the South to the North.

In many cases this problem not only has political reflections, but also social dimensions. For example, when the Algerian football player Zaindeen Zaidan has appeared as a star in the French team in World Cup , French Right Wing started to criticize the presence of non-aboriginal French in the national team Mittelman, At the same time, Algerians in both France and Algeria were so pleased and looked at Zaidan as an Algerian hero, despite the fact that he was born in France and still resides there.

So globalization in this sense is reshaping the identity of many peoples particularly migrants. Globalization and developing countries: Globalization has serious effects on many developing countries:. Although developing countries contribute in away or another to this process, yet they do not yield the benefits of this contribution. In contrast, the process destroys many aspects of life in these societies.

The irresponsible behavior of some multinational corporations toward the environment of those countries, or more dangerously marketing expired products and other illegal goods are examples of this destruction. The widening gap between the North and the South at international level, and between haves and have-nots at national level is another serous aspect of globalization. In fact, the real test to globalization is through its success in reducing the gap between the rich and the poor at local, national and global levels.

Globalization has forced many countries in various parts of this world to regulate to a lower league the most fundamental needs of their peoples Muzaffar, The equitable distribution of food, adequate health care facilities, and the quality of education are no longer priority concerns the political agendas of the governments in these countries.

All these indicate that poor societies in the third world not only remain far away from benefiting from globalization, but also they continue to suffer from its calamities, pitfalls and misfortunes. It then contributes to laying the foundation of injustices and social inequalities, and moreover preventing the growth of new markets in these countries because they are unable to compete with the advanced markets.

Here, competitiveness seems to be unequal and its result under all circumstances remains in favor of the strong and those who control international markets. So instead of filling up the gap between the rich and the poor, globalization in its present formula widens this gap Aulakh, Globalization and religions: Although globalization might benefit religions through the easier exchange of information and different opinions about these religions, it however represents a source of harm to many religious and spiritual values Falk, Globalization, through its cultural and informational aspects and the promotion of consuming patterns and value corruption, challenges religious systems Aulakh, Globalization and morals: The immoral character of globalization is becoming even more serious and its negative impacts in this context have different aspects:.

Globalization has internationalized crimes. Drug trafficking and the trafficking of women and children have become much more difficult to control because of their international character. Not only crimes are globalized, but also disease Muzaffar, Another aspect of this problem is that most users of Internet in cyberspaces are adults and they waste a lot of time using the Internet for unnecessary purposes.

One of the most dangerous effects of globalization on young people is the immoral usage of the Internet. Yaapar, 3. Globalization and international politics: The collapse of the Soviet Union has led to the US control of the global system and international relations. This provides the US with many opportunities to defend its own national interests globally and to challenge international legitimacy through marginalizing the role of the United Nations and ignoring the international law.

Power and interests become the main characteristics of interstate interactions. Globalization and economy: Globalization as an economic movement has significant effect on national and global economies. Although many trade blocs were established and many industrial and economic nations have emerged as a response to this process, the rules of this process have contributed to the collapse of many national economies. Piracy is also reinforced by this process.

Globalization and science: Although globalization contributes remarkably to new scientific revolutions in many fields including computer and space sciences, these revolutions are accompanied by new sciences that may be used for immoral purposes or to damage the dignity of man whom the Almighty God honors. Example of these sciences is Genetic Engineering Science, which leads to the emergence of Cloning Science.

Cultural globalization

The world is a global village. This is a phrase you must have had thrown around during business discussions. Those who say this is most likely referring to how small the world has become due to globalization which has removed boundaries to trade and communication between people in different countries. Globalization a process where people, companies, and governments from different nations interact and integrate through international trade and investments has effects on the environment, culture, political systems, economic development, and human physical well-being in societies around the world. Through the Internet, media, planes, international business, and embassies we are now more connected to each other than ever before.

Cultural globalization , phenomenon by which the experience of everyday life, as influenced by the diffusion of commodities and ideas, reflects a standardization of cultural expressions around the world. Propelled by the efficiency or appeal of wireless communications , electronic commerce , popular culture , and international travel, globalization has been seen as a trend toward homogeneity that will eventually make human experience everywhere essentially the same. This appears, however, to be an overstatement of the phenomenon. Although homogenizing influences do indeed exist, they are far from creating anything akin to a single world culture. Some observers argue that a rudimentary version of world culture is taking shape among certain individuals who share similar values, aspirations , or lifestyles. The result is a collection of elite groups whose unifying ideals transcend geographical limitations. One such cadre, according to political scientist Samuel Huntington in The Clash of Civilizations , comprises an elite group of highly educated people who operate in the rarefied domains of international finance, media, and diplomacy.

As borders disappear, people and goods are increasingly free to move, creating new challenges to global health. These cannot be met by national governments alone but must be dealt with instead by international organizations and agreements. Every year, the same ritual takes place at changing locations in the Western world. While the heads of the eight leading industrialized nations meet at their annual G8 summit to discuss the global state of affairs, a wide variety of organizations and protesters meet in parallel to decry what they see as the negative effects of globalization. Notwith-standing these protests, whether one sees globalization as a tool to overcome poverty, hunger and disease in the world or whether one feels threatened by its consequences, one thing is certain: globalization is here to stay. Often narrowly defined as the increasing integration of the world's economies, globalization is in reality a powerful development that presents new challenges at the beginning of this millennium. One major problem is the increasing internationalization of health risks.

Globalization and Politics: The Effects of globalization on human life aspects

Globalization - Approaches to Diversity. Transnational flows of people, financial resources, goods, information and culture have recently been increasing in a drastic way and have profoundly transformed the world Ritzer and Malone, This phenomenon has been labeled globalization. As a result, a great deal of debate and discussion, even controversy Bird and Stevens, has taken place about globalization in various disciplines from different angles.

This page was originally authored by Svetlana Gibson The discourse regarding the effects of globalization on cultural diversity is a challenging debate. The advancement of technology dissolves international boundaries and opens cultures to a whole new arena Smith, , enabling globalization to occur. Globalization can be an empowering entity. It can interconnect the world, support economic development , provide information availability and assist in developing a global village Moahi,

Globalization has today become a major sort of debate among academicians, policy makers and NGOs. Its impact is profound. Poverties, inequalities, injustices, starvations, backwards and marginalizations are all serious problems many societies are still experiencing. The purpose of this paper is to examine the positive and negative aspects of globalization and realize how one could successfully deal with the challenge it poses.

Globalization and Culture: The Three H Scenarios

What is Globalization? Meaning and it’s Importance

ГЛАВА 36 Ручное отключение. Сьюзан отказывалась что-либо понимать. Она была абсолютно уверена, что не вводила такой команды - во всяком случае, намеренно. Подумала, что, может быть, спутала последовательность нажатия клавиш.

Элементарная ошибка, подумала Сьюзан, Стратмор, по-видимому, поменял местами поля информации, и Следопыт искал учетные данные совсем не того пользователя. Она завершила ввод данных и запустила Следопыта. Затем щелкнула по кнопке возврат. Компьютер однократно пискнул. На экране высветилось: СЛЕДОПЫТ ОТПРАВЛЕН Теперь надо ждать. Сьюзан вздохнула.

 Шифр не поддается взлому, - сказал он безучастно. Не поддается. Сьюзан не могла поверить, что это сказал человек, двадцать семь лет работавший с шифрами. - Не поддается, сэр? - с трудом произнесла.  - А как же принцип Бергофского.


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