Exercise and high blood pressure pdf
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Prevent High Blood Pressure
Regular physical activity  is one of the first treatments recommended to lower blood pressure and improve cardiovascular health, among both the general population and those people with hypertension. Exercising on a regular basis has many health benefits and protects people against high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases. Regular exercise is key to preventing and treating hypertension. Physical inactivity among the adult population constitutes a real problem in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Low levels of physical activity have a direct link with weight gain, which in turn increases the risk of raised blood pressure.
Practice healthy living habits, like being physically active, to help prevent high blood pressure. By living a healthy lifestyle, you can help keep your blood pressure in a healthy range. Preventing high blood pressure , which is also called hypertension, can lower your risk for heart disease and stroke. Practice the following healthy living habits:. Choose healthy meal and snack options to help you avoid high blood pressure and its complications. Be sure to eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables. For many people, making these healthy changes can help keep blood pressure low and protect against heart disease and stroke.
Hypertension HTN or HT , also known as high blood pressure HBP , is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated. High blood pressure is classified as primary essential hypertension or secondary hypertension. Blood pressure is classified by two measurements, the systolic and diastolic pressures, which are the maximum and minimum pressures, respectively. Lifestyle changes and medications can lower blood pressure and decrease the risk of health complications. Hypertension is rarely accompanied by symptoms, and its identification is usually through screening , or when seeking healthcare for an unrelated problem. Some people with high blood pressure report headaches particularly at the back of the head and in the morning , as well as lightheadedness , vertigo , tinnitus buzzing or hissing in the ears , altered vision or fainting episodes. On physical examination , hypertension may be associated with the presence of changes in the optic fundus seen by ophthalmoscopy.
Senescence refers to spontaneous and progressive irreversible degenerative changes in which both the physical and psychological power diminish significantly. Hypertension is the most common cardiovascular disease in the elderly. Several studies have been conducted regarding the effect of exercise on reducing the blood pressure of the elderly, which have found contradictory results. One of the uses of meta-analysis study is responding to these assumptions and resolving the discrepancies. Accordingly, the aim of the present study is to determine the impact of exercise on the blood pressure of older adults.
Managing hypertension: the role of diet and exercise
Specifically, the ACSM recommends the following exercise prescription for individuals with hypertension:. The frequency of aerobic exercise is slightly greater than those with normal BP i. In fact, individuals with hypertension are encouraged to engage in greater frequencies of aerobic exercise than those with normal BP because we know that a single bout of aerobic exercise results in immediate reductions in BP of mmHg, that persist for up to 24 hr i. For this reason, individuals with hypertension are encouraged to exercise on most days of the week in order to benefit from the acute effects of aerobic exercise on BP. Moderate [i.
Delaware, Dec. Such patients do not show any symptoms. Some are fortunate individuals and do not suffer from this disorder, which does not guarantee that they should ignore it. Unchecked, high blood pressure may cause multiple complications.