Safety hazards in oil and gas industry pdf
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- Health and Safety in Oil and Gas Extraction
- The Top 5 Occupational Hazards in the Oil & Gas Industry
- Safety Hazards in Oil and Gas Industry
- Process safety
Health and Safety in Oil and Gas Extraction
Hundreds of thousands of people work in oil and gas extraction in the United States; 1 ensuring their health and safety is a major concern for employers, regulators, trade associations, industry groups, and local communities. From to , more than 1, workers were killed in oil and gas extraction operations, a fatality rate six times higher than the average rate for all U.
Silica dust clouds from delivery trucks loading into sand movers at a hydraulic fracturing site. Inhalation of this silica is a major hazard associated with oil and gas operations. While fatal work injuries have been well studied, less is known about other health hazards. Silica dust — Large quantities of silica sand are used during hydraulic fracturing. Loading and transferring this sand at the well site generates respirable-sized silica dust particles in concentrations that may exceed occupational exposure limits.
Inhalation of silica dust is associated with silicosis, other respiratory issues, and potentially other adverse health effects. Hydrocarbon gases and vapors — Tanks holding crude oil or produced water are common in the oilfield. These tanks may be manually measured and sampled, which may expose workers to dangerous levels of hydrocarbon gases and vapors given off by these liquids.
Between and , at least nine oilfield workers died as a result of this exposure. In response, NIOSH and OSHA published a hazard alert related to manual tank gauging, which recommends using alternative systems to measure and sample tank fluids without opening the tank hatch, as well as training workers and not permitting employees to inspect tanks alone.
Other hazards include hydrogen sulfide gas which occurs naturally in oil and natural gas and is extremely hazardous when inhaled ; noise from heavy machinery, for which OSHA sets maximum limits and required hearing protection 13 ; and diesel exhaust from drilling rigs and other equipment — while diesel exhaust is not specifically regulated, OSHA sets exposure limits for many of the most harmful air pollutants found in diesel exhaust Worker gauging an oilfield tank.
Tank sampling is one of the main ways in which oilfield workers may be exposed to harmful vapors. Oilfield fluids contain a wide range of hazardous chemicals. While some can have immediate health effects such as hydrogen sulfide gas, which can kill instantly at high concentrations , others may have longer-term effects such as benzene, which is carcinogenic However, few published studies exist that track the long-term health consequences of working in oil and gas extraction, making it difficult to draw conclusions about specific long-term health risks.
OSHA sets and enforces workplace standards for all industries, including oil and gas extraction. All operations are required to obtain or provide Safety Data Sheets for all hazardous chemicals and materials, 16 describing the associated risks and providing guidance and recommended procedures for minimizing exposure and addressing accidents.
In addition to the work from OSHA and NIOSH described above, the size and inherent risks of the oil and gas extraction industry mean there are a variety of ongoing efforts to research health and safety risks and implement solutions:. Mason, K. Board of Scientific Counselors Meeting, September 18, Video Pub.
Standard Number Chemical Agents and Related Occupations. Other parts in this series: 1. Petroleum and the Environment: an Introduction 2. Water in the Oil and Gas Industry 3. Induced Seismicity from Oil and Gas Operations 4. Water Sources for Hydraulic Fracturing 5. Using Produced Water 6. Groundwater Protection in Oil and Gas Production 7. Abandoned Wells 8. What Determines the Location of a Well? Land Use in the Oil and Gas Industry The Pinedale Gas Field, Wyoming Heavy Oil Oil and Gas in the U.
Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Spills in Oil and Natural Gas Fields Transportation of Oil, Gas, and Refined Products Oil Refining and Gas Processing Non-Fuel Products of Oil and Gas Air Quality Impacts of Oil and Gas Methane Emissions in the Oil and Gas Industry Mitigating and Regulating Methane Emissions Regulation of Oil and Gas Operations Health and Safety in Oil and Gas Extraction Subsurface Data in the Oil and Gas Industry Interested in receiving the latest in data and information about the geosciences?
Enter your email below to subscribe to the Geoscience Currents channel. Skip to main content. Geoscience Currents. Presentations Reports. PDF version Reducing the exposure of oil and gas workers to health and safety hazards.
Allison and B. Subscribe to Geoscience Currents. Related Geoscience Currents. Offshore Oil and Gas. June 1, Advances in exploration, drilling, and production technologies allow production in water more than 10, feet deep and more than miles offshore. Major spills are rare but damage sensitive ocean and coastal Groundwater Protection in Oil and Gas Production.
Transportation of Oil, Gas, and Refined Products. Introduction The U. The U. Geoscientists in Petroleum and Environment. Introduction Geoscience — the study of the Earth — underpins our understanding of the many intersections between petroleum and the environment, from the search for resources to the study of air pollutants.
Without the work of geoscientists, we would have neither the energy system nor the Introduction Oil- and gas-rich rocks are only found in certain parts of the United States, so most of the country has no oil or gas wells.
Where oil and gas production is commercially viable, many factors determine the exact location of each well, including leasing, permitting, competing land uses Petroleum and the Environment: an Introduction. Introduction When oil and gas were first extracted and used on an industrial scale in the 19th century, they provided significant advantages over existing fuels: they were cleaner, easier to transport, and more versatile than coal and biomass wood, waste, and whale oil.
Diesel and gasoline
The Top 5 Occupational Hazards in the Oil & Gas Industry
Hundreds of thousands of people work in oil and gas extraction in the United States; 1 ensuring their health and safety is a major concern for employers, regulators, trade associations, industry groups, and local communities. From to , more than 1, workers were killed in oil and gas extraction operations, a fatality rate six times higher than the average rate for all U. Silica dust clouds from delivery trucks loading into sand movers at a hydraulic fracturing site. Inhalation of this silica is a major hazard associated with oil and gas operations. While fatal work injuries have been well studied, less is known about other health hazards.
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Safety Hazards in Oil and Gas Industry
Improper safety management in the oil and gas industry is not a small oversight and has many impacts. This occupation has many potential health and safety threats, but with hyper-vigilant management and well-trained employees, these threats can be largely mitigated in any working environment. In order to mitigate this, it is important for staff to understand the potential health and safety risks.
Oil prices are soft, with many companies facing budget constraints and cuts. In , the U. Driving to pipelines, pumping stations, gas sites, or to and from work can be dangerous. OSHA reports vehicle accidents as the No. Long shifts and physically challenging duties—like heavy lifting and hazardous working environments—contribute to employee fatigue.
Give us your feedback and implementation experiences. This report provides standardized minimum recommended practices for addressing safety risks associated with fatality potential or significant incident hazardous activities common to the fabrication sites. Are you implementing it too? These are pages extracted from IOGP to it make easy to refer to individual recommended practices.
Major incidents in both the upstream and downstream industries have highlighted the importance of having robust processes and systems in place. Process safety is a disciplined framework for managing the integrity of operating systems and processes that handle hazardous substances. It relies on good design principles, engineering and operating and maintenance practices. It deals with the prevention and control of events that have the potential to release hazardous materials and energy. For the oil and gas industry the emphasis of process safety and asset integrity is to prevent unplanned releases which could result in a major incident. A major incident is typically initiated by a hazardous release; it may also result from a structural failure or loss of stability that escalates to become a major incident. We cannot afford to rely solely on lessons from major process incidents, which happen relatively infrequently.
Highway vehicle crashes are the leading cause of oil and gas extraction worker fatalities. The following documents provide guidance on recognizing and controlling vehicle-related hazards:. The following documents provide guidance on recognizing and controlling these hazards: Crane Safety: Addresses hazards, controls, and standards associated with cranes Struck-By: Covers struck-by hazards in the oil and gas industry. Flammable gases, such as well gases, vapours, and hydrogen sulphide, can be released from wells, trucks, production equipment or surface equipment such as tanks and shale shakers. Ignition sources can include static, electrical energy sources, open flames, lightning, cigarettes, cutting and welding tools, hot surfaces, and frictional heat. The following documents provide guidance on recognizing and controlling these hazards: Well Site Ignition Sources: Lists sources of ignition at well sites and possible controls.