Insurgency online web activism and global conflict pdf
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- MMP: Communist Party of the Philippines - New People's Army
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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. A Tower of Babel in a single country—in which groups of people speak radically different languages—is all too often portrayed as incendiary. And the unjust underpinnings of language laws are often said, even by the combatants themselves, to induce violent rebellion. In late , for example, the leader of the Kurdish rebels in Turkey, Abdullah Ocalan, referred to the restrictions on the Kurdish language as the principal motivating factor for the war against Turkish rule. He told the judges:. These kinds of laws give birth to rebellion and anarchy….
MMP: Communist Party of the Philippines - New People's Army
An insurgency is a violent, armed rebellion against authority for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents lawful combatants. Not all rebellions are insurgencies. There have been many cases of non-violent rebellions, using civil resistance , as in the People Power Revolution in the Philippines in the s that ousted President Marcos. For example, during the American Civil War , the Confederate States of America was not recognized as a sovereign state, but it was recognized as a belligerent power, and thus Confederate warships were given the same rights as United States warships in foreign ports. When insurgency is used to describe a movement's unlawfulness by virtue of not being authorized by or in accordance with the law of the land, its use is neutral. However, when it is used by a state or another authority under threat, "insurgency" often also carries an implication that the rebels' cause is illegitimate, whereas those rising up will see the authority of the state as being illegitimate. Sometimes there may be one or more simultaneous insurgencies multipolar occurring in a country.
That until the basic human rights are equally Guaranteed to all, without regard to race Dis a war That until that day The dream of lasting peace, world citizenship Rule of international morality Will remain in but a fleeting illusion To be pursued, but never attained Now everywhere is war, war. Bob Marley 1. Acts of war or terrorism challenge the human rights framework almost to the point where it seems to collapse. It is hard to see any place for human rights when human life is deliberately targeted, or where it is seen as "collateral damage" in the course of mass bombing campaigns, which either directly or indirectly lead to sickness, disease, suffering, destruction of homes, and death. In times of war, particularly wars which last for years on end, every human right appears to be affected adversely. Health systems break down, education suffers, and home, work, supplies of food and water, the legal system, freedom of the press and free speech, and accountability for abuses by the state — or by the "enemy" state — all see restrictions, if they do not disappear completely. However poor protections were in peacetime, the rights of children, women, minority groups and refugees will almost certainly be poorer still in times of war.
Insurgency Onlineshows that online activism is a ripe, new territory for non-governmental actors to raise awareness and develop support around the world.
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Then-President Ferdinand Marcos was initially blamed for the attack, which had killed much of his opposition. The fighters destroyed a truck using an improvised explosive device and later attacked two men, one a civilian, and one a member of the Armed Forces of the Philippines AFP auxiliary forces. Executive Summary.
Internet activism , also known as web activism , online activism , digital campaigning , digital activism , online organizing , electronic advocacy , e-campaigning , and e-activism , is the use of electronic communication technologies such as social media , e-mail , and podcasts for various forms of activism to enable faster and more effective communication by citizen movements , the delivery of particular information to large and specific audiences as well as coordination. Internet technologies are used for cause-related fundraising , community building , lobbying , and organizing. A digital activism campaign is "an organized public effort, making collective claims on a target authority, in which civic initiators or supporters use digital media. Thus, Internet sleuthing or hacking could be viewed as purely online forms of activism, whereas the Occupy Wall Street movement was mainly conducted offline, and only partially online. Exploring the dynamics of online activism for expressing resistance to a powerful organization, a study developed a critical mass approach to online activism.
CrisisWatch is our global conflict tracker, a tool designed to help decision-makers prevent deadly violence by keeping them up-to-date with developments in over 70 conflicts and crises, identifying trends and alerting them to risks of escalation and opportunities to advance peace.
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Download Citation | Insurgency online: Web activism and global conflict | In Insurgency Online, Michael Dartnell focuses on a new form of conflict made possible.