Emergence and selection of antimicrobial is a very serious concern article pdf 2018

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emergence and selection of antimicrobial is a very serious concern article pdf 2018

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Antibiotic resistance: a rundown of a global crisis

The popularity of fermented foods and beverages is due to their enhanced shelf-life, safety, functionality, sensory, and nutritional properties. The latter includes the presence of bioactive molecules, vitamins, and other constituents with increased availability due to the process of fermentation. Many fermented foods also contain live microorganisms that may improve gastrointestinal health and provide other health benefits, including lowering the risk of type two diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The number of organisms in fermented foods can vary significantly, depending on how products were manufactured and processed, as well as conditions and duration of storage. In this review, we surveyed published studies in which lactic acid and other relevant bacteria were enumerated from the most commonly consumed fermented foods, including cultured dairy products, cheese, fermented sausage, fermented vegetables, soy-fermented foods, and fermented cereal products.

The occurrence of antibiotics in treated wastewater effluent has been a concern worldwide for various reasons: most importantly development of antibiotics resistance by bacteria and other microorganism, impact of antibiotics on animal life in surface water and likely consequences on humans if treated wastewater is used for drinking water supply through the process of managed aquifer recharge MAR. Another potential area of concern is the uptake of these antibiotics by crops irrigated by treated wastewater. In Oman, wastewater treatment and reuse is pursued vigorously as a government policy. Treated wastewater is used for crop irrigation following government regulations, MAR is being contemplated and practiced in small scale and release of such waters in the ocean takes place from time to time. Some tests have been conducted on the wastewater effluent around the world to verify and detect the concentration of antibiotics in wastewater effluent. In the Sultanate of Oman, very little research has been performed on the occurrence of antibiotics in treated wastewater, removal efficiencies of treatment processes and development of antibiotics resistance. It is expected that wastewater reuse will increase substantially due to expansion of sewerage network in the capital city as well as many other cities and towns.

The evolving response to antibiotic resistance (1945–2018)

Either your web browser doesn't support Javascript or it is currently turned off. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. Free to read. A total of Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates obtained from patients in Taiwan from to were evaluated. Among the N. In conclusion, Taiwan is among the countries reporting gonococci with high-level resistance to AZM so that a single dose of 1 g ceftriaxone intramuscularly as the first choice for management of N.


; – Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) poses a serious global threat of growing These factors contribute to genetic selection pressure for the emergence of Currently, medical experts are raising real concern for a return to the Another very significant trait of AMR that was absent in the.


Antibiotic resistance: What you need to know

Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Help expand a public dataset of research that support the SDGs. Infectious diseases constitute one of the main challenges to medical science in the coming century.

Drug-resistant enteric fever worldwide, 1990 to 2018: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Antibiotics in wastewaters: a review with focus on Oman

An antibiotic is a type of antimicrobial substance active against bacteria. It is the most important type of antibacterial agent for fighting bacterial infections , and antibiotic medications are widely used in the treatment and prevention of such infections. A limited number of antibiotics also possess antiprotozoal activity. However, both classes have the same goal of killing or preventing the growth of microorganisms, and both are included in antimicrobial chemotherapy. Antibiotics have been used since ancient times. Many civilizations used topical application of mouldy bread, with many references to its beneficial effects arising from ancient Egypt, Nubia, China, Serbia, Greece, and Rome. Antibiotics revolutionized medicine in the 20th century.

Enhanced recovery after surgery is well established in specialties such as colorectal surgery. It is achieved through the introduction of multiple evidence-based perioperative measures that aim to diminish postoperative organ dysfunction while facilitating recovery. This review aims to present consensus recommendations for the optimal perioperative management of patients undergoing thoracic surgery principally lung resection. A systematic review of meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, large non-randomized studies and reviews was conducted for each protocol element. Smaller prospective and retrospective cohort studies were considered only when higher-level evidence was unavailable. The quality of the evidence base was graded by the authors and used to form consensus recommendations for each topic.

Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. The intensity and character of concerns about antibiotic resistance, over the past nearly seventy-five years, have depended on a series of linked factors: the evolution and distribution of resistant microbes themselves; our differential capacity and efforts to detect such microbes; evolving models of antibiotic resistance and the related projected impact of antibiotic resistance on medical, social, and economic futures; the linkages of antibiotic prescribing and usage to the prevailing practice and identities of the medical and veterinary professions, and to the practice of agribusiness; the projected capacity of biomedicine and especially the pharmaceutical industry to stay ahead of such developing resistance; the perceived global context in which such resistance has developed; and the coordination of efforts and the development of infrastructure and funding to draw attention to and confront such microbial resistance. This paper advances upon this existing framework and extends it, when possible, beyond the United States, while further arguing that since and the statement by Dame Sally Davies that antibiotic resistance is as large a threat to human health as climate change, that we are now in a fifth era of attention to what has been increasingly described as the global problem of antibiotic resistance.


This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Go to: Abstract. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the most serious global public health threats in this we illustrate the highlights of four antibiotic-resistant pathogens of global concern Measures to control the emergence and the spread of ABR are presented.


COMMENT 4

  • tcl-toulon.org the problem of antibiotic-resistant bacteria have become global public health threats. found in contaminated areas has serious implications for the the selection of antibiotic resistant bacterial cells. It should be noted that the de novo emergence of bacterial resistance. Naidopista1994 - 03.05.2021 at 20:40
  • The aggregate data supporting findings contained within this manuscript will be shared upon request submitted to the corresponding author. Israel R. - 05.05.2021 at 21:13
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