Difference between dc motor and dc generator pdf
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- Basic construction and working of a DC Generator.
- Difference Between Motor and Generator
- What is a DC Generator : Construction and Its Working
Basic construction and working of a DC Generator.
A dc generator is an electrical machine which converts mechanical energy into direct current electricity. This energy conversion is based on the principle of production of dynamically induced emf. This article outlines basic construction and working of a DC generator.
Note: Theoretically, a DC generator can be used as a DC motor without any constructional changes and vice versa is also possible. These basic constructional details are also valid for the construction of a DC motor. Hence, let's call this point as construction of a DC machine instead of just 'construction of a dc generator'.
The above figure shows constructional details of a simple 4-pole DC machine. A DC machine consists of two basic parts; stator and rotor. Basic constructional parts of a DC machine are described below. The magnitude of induced emf can be calculated from the emf equation of dc generator. If the conductor is provided with a closed path, the induced current will circulate within the path. In a DC generator, field coils produce an electromagnetic field and the armature conductors are rotated into the field.
Thus, an electromagnetically induced emf is generated in the armature conductors. When the armature completes a half rotation, the direction of motion of that particular conductor will be reversed to downward. Hence, the direction of current in every armature conductor will be alternating. If you look at the above figure, you will know how the direction of the induced current is alternating in an armature conductor.
But with a split ring commutator, connections of the armature conductors also gets reversed when the current reversal occurs. And therefore, we get unidirectional current at the terminals. Recieve free updates Via Email! Home Electrical machines Power system Ask a question Contact electricaleasy. Basic construction and working of a DC Generator. Share: Facebook Twitter Linkedin.
DC Generator A dc generator is an electrical machine which converts mechanical energy into direct current electricity. Construction of a DC machine: Note: Theoretically, a DC generator can be used as a DC motor without any constructional changes and vice versa is also possible. Like this post? Facebook Twitter Linkedin.
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Difference Between Motor and Generator
Electric motors play an essential role in almost every industry. Using the right type of motor with high-quality parts and regular servicing keeps your facility running smoothly and prevents damage to the endpoint equipment due to wear or power surges. Gainesville Industrial Electric can help your company select the right industrial electric motors and parts for your applications. Electric motors are machines that convert electrical energy—from either stored power or a direct electrical connection—into mechanical energy through the production of rotational force. The two major types of electric motors are:. Both AC and DC motors use electrical current to produce rotating magnetic fields that, in turn, generate rotational mechanical force in the armature—located on the rotor or stator—around the shaft.
A brushed DC electric motor is an internally commutated electric motor designed to be run from a direct current power source. Brushed motors were the first commercially important application of electric power to driving mechanical energy, and DC distribution systems were used for more than years to operate motors in commercial and industrial buildings. Brushed DC motors can be varied in speed by changing the operating voltage or the strength of the magnetic field. Depending on the connections of the field to the power supply, the speed and torque characteristics of a brushed motor can be altered to provide steady speed or speed inversely proportional to the mechanical load. Brushed motors continue to be used for electrical propulsion, cranes, paper machines and steel rolling mills. Since the brushes wear down and require replacement, brushless DC motors using power electronic devices have displaced brushed motors from many applications. The following graphics illustrate a simple, two-pole, brushed , DC motor.
Recieve free updates Via Email! Home Electrical machines Power system Ask a question Contact electricaleasy. Share: Facebook Twitter Linkedin. Each DC machine can act as a generator or a motor. Hence, this classification is valid for both: DC generators and DC motors. DC machines are usually classified on the basis of their field excitation method. This makes two broad categories of dc machines; i Separately excited and ii Self-excited.
What is a DC Generator : Construction and Its Working
General Information: Emergency Contact: Email: contactus powerplus. Is your business in need of an AC generator or a DC backup generator? Can you tell the difference between the types of generators available on the market and which one best fits your needs? Here is what you need to know so you can invest in the right generator for your business. In order to determine which generator you need, you should understand a few things first.
Since our motors are very efficient, this is also true when operated as generators. The basic calculations between speed and voltage as well as current and torque are very simple. In the following, a few rules for a successful selection.
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